Decline in access to the shoreline
Target3.1 Everyone will have the opportunity to take part in outdoor recreation as a healthy and environmentally sound leisure activity that provides a sense of well-being both in their local communities and further afield in the countryside.
IndicatorTrend in public access to the 100-metre belt along the shoreline
Are we moving in the right direction? Published by the Norwegian Environment Agency
According to figures from Statistics Norway, about 31 % of Norway's shoreline was 'developed' (less than 100 metres from buildings, other infrastructure, or used as farmland) at the beginning of 2014. Although there has been a reduction in construction activity along the shoreline, the proportion of this zone that is not developed is still shrinking. These areas are important both for biodiversity and for outdoor recreation.
According to Statistics Norway, the proportion of the shoreline that is classified as developed is highest for Akershus (73 %) and Oslo (68 %), followed by Buskerud (just under 68 %) and Vestfold (nearly 62 %). Islands without bridges or ferry services are not included in these figures.
Along the Oslofjord, which is the most densely-populated part of the Norwegian coastline, 52 % of the coastline is less than 50 metres from the nearest building (housing, holiday homes, but not boathouses, industrial buildings and hotels).
In the most popular holiday areas along the coastline from Aust-Agder to Nord-Trøndelag, 29 % of the shoreline is less than 50 metres from buildings, while only 13 % of the rest of the coastline in these counties is less than 50 metres from the nearest building.