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13 priority species


1.2 No species or habitat types will become extinct or be lost, and the status of threatened and near-threatened species and habitat types will be improved.


Number of priority species in the following major ecosystems: marine and coastal waters, rivers and lakes, wetlands, forest, mountains and cultural landscapes

Are we moving in the right direction? Published by the Norwegian Environment Agency

The first eight priority species were designated under the Nature Diversity Act in May 2011, and by June 2015 the number had been increased to thirteen species. They include both animals and plants, ranging from the lesser white-fronted goose to the musk orchid and the dune tiger beetle . Some of them are associated with more than one of the major ecosystems.

Where are the species found?

  • Marine and coastal waters: dwarf eelgrass (Zostera noltii)
  • Rivers and lakes: dune tiger beetle (Cicindela maritima)
  • Wetlands: lesser white-fronted goose (Anser erythropus), black vanilla orchid (Nigritella nigra ssp. nigra), musk orchid (Herminium monorchis) and the moss Sphagnum troendelagicum.
  • Forest: hermit beetle (Osmoderma eremita) and red helleborine (Cephalanthera rubra)
  • Mountains: lesser white-fronted goose, Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus), black vanilla orchid and yellow oxytropis (Oxytropis campestris ssp. scotica)
  • Cultural landscapes: six of the priority species are mainly or entirely associated with cultural landscapes. They include three plants (northern dragon’s head (Dracocephalum ruyschiana), musk orchid and black vanilla orchid); two insects (chequered blue butterfly (Scolitantides orion) and hermit beetle); and one bird, the black-tailed godwit (Limosa limosa), northern subspecies.

Further species are being considered

Work on identifying and designating further priority species is continuing. Several possible candidates are being considered.