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Areas without major infrastructure development

Target

1.1 Norwegian ecosystems will achieve good status and deliver ecosystem services.

Indicator

Change in total area of land without major infrastructure development

Wilderness-like areas, 1900-2013

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Are we moving in the right direction? Published by the Norwegian Environment Agency

Areas without major infrastructure development are defined as lying at least one kilometer in a straight line from the nearest infrastructure development. Roads, railway lines, hydropower developments, wind turbines and  power lines are examples of infrastructure development.

The extent of areas without major infrastructure development is shrinking steadily. Nearly 900 square kilometers were lost during the period 2008-2012. This is a slight increase of about three per cent compared to the previous period from 2003-2007. Road construction and hydropower developments accounted for about 90 per cent of the loss. 

For the country as a whole, the proportion of wilderness-like areas (areas at least five kilometer away from infrastructure development) dropped from approximately 50 per cent to just under 12 per cent in the past 100 years. In Southern Norway, only five per cent of the area was categorized as wilderness-like by January 2013.