Climate projections show that temperatures and precipation will increase. Winters in particular will become warmer and there will be less snow across the country. Heavy rainfall is expected to occur more frequently. Even though climate projections are far from certain, they still give a clear indication of what kind of changes we can expect.
Climate in Norway 2100
The report "Climate in Norway in 2100" (published in 2009) comprises atmospheric climate; marine climate, including sea ice, hydrologic conditions, including flooding, permafrost and avalanche and slide conditions. A new report will be published in 2015.
Climate projections and uncertainty
Climate projections are uncertain because we lack information about future emissions of greenhouse gasses and particles and because climate models are incomplete or simplified. Uncertainty is greater on a local than on a global scale. Even though climate projections are far from certain, they still give a clear indication of what kind of changes we can expect in Norway in the 21st century.
Precipitation towards 2100
Precipitation is expected to increase considerably in the autumn, winter and spring in years to come. The smallest increase is expected in Southern and Eastern parts of Norway.
Temperature towards 2100
All climate projections indicate that temperatures will rise in Norway. Temperatures will increase most in winter and least in the summer. Higher temperatures will affect the growing season, water flow, snowfall and the distribution of animals and plants.
Snowfall towards 2100
The snowy season will be shorter for all parts of Norway. The reduction will be most noticeable in the lowlands where most people live.