Many people still think of Norway as a country with wide expanses of more or less undisturbed countryside. However, more intensive use of natural resources is putting growing pressure on these areas, and the area classified as “without major infrastructure development” is much smaller than only thirty or forty years ago.
Shrinking proportion of Norway with no major infrastructure
Remaining areas without major infrastructure development in all parts of the country are shrinking and being split up, but losses have been greatest in South and Central Norway. Much of the remainder consists of areas above the treeline, glaciers and other unproductive areas.
Barely 12 per cent of Norway is wilderness-like
There has been a dramatic reduction in the extent of wilderness-like areas (those lying furthest from infrastructure developments) since the beginning of the 20th century, when about half of Norway could be classified as wilderness-like. By January 2013, this figure had dropped to about 12 per cent, and to only 5 per cent in the southern half of the country.
|Areas classified as wilderness-like|
|Region||Wilderness-like January 2013||Lost 2008-2012
|South and Central Norway||10377||4.9||77||0.7||579||5.3|
We are losing an important part of Norway’s natural heritage
Undeveloped areas are in short supply both in Norway and internationally, and they form an important part of the Norwegian natural heritage. They play a vital role for many species and give us irreplaceable opportunities to enjoy undisturbed nature. We should ensure that future generations can also experience the wild.
As developments encroach on more and more of the Norwegian countryside, we are losing many landscape and ecological qualities. Many developments are in practice irreversible – it would be very difficult to restore the landscape or plant and animal communities. This process reduces the value of areas for outdoor recreation, tourism and research, and in some cases biodiversity is lost as well.
Transport and energy sectors have the greatest impact
There is hardly anywhere in Norway that is truly untouched by human activity, but you can find everything from urban or intensively-farmed areas to wilderness-like forests and mountains. The most important causes of the loss of areas without major infrastructure in the period 2008–2012 were:
- road construction, particularly forest roads
- energy production and transport, including the construction of power lines